How is an Oversize Load Determined?

If you run a business, then you need to make sure that your inventory gets from place to place safely. In many cases, this is not an issue. On the other hand, there are some situations where it is important to work with a trained specialist. 

This is the case if you are shipping an oversize load from place to place. Because oversize loads are so oddly shaped, heavy, and valuable, they are particularly vulnerable during transport. Therefore, it is important for everyone to keep a few important points in mind when it comes to an oversize load. What should truckers know? 

What is an Oversize Load? 

In general, an oversized load is a load that is greater than the ordinary legal weight limits or size limits allowed on the roads. There are limits to the size of the loads that trucks and other vehicles can transport on highways. They are also oversize load restriction for air freight and water freight transport methods. There is also a certain load per axle limit. 

The definition of an oversize load is going to vary from place to place. Different countries have different regulations. If there is a load that exceeds the legal dimensions, then there is a special permit required. 

Usually, this also requires extra fees to be paid for the load to travel legally on the roads. Finally, this permit is also going to specify a route that the load must travel.

Because there are different regulations surrounding an oversize load, it is important for everyone to know if a load is oversized. Overlooking these regulations and the permits required could lead to fines and penalties. Obviously, it is best to avoid these issues. What determines if a load is oversized? 

What Determines if a Load is Oversized?

When it comes to determining if a load is oversized, it is important to note that this is going to vary from place to place. Usually, the dimensions are as follow:

  • The maximum width of a legal load is about 8.5 feet
  • The maximum length of a legal load is usually between 13.5 and 14.5 ft

Importantly, the legal length is going to vary significantly from state-to-state. Even though the maximum width is going to vary from state-to-state as well, a width of 8.5 feet is almost always standard. 

This is because this unit of measurement is based on the typical width of a highway travel lane. With few exceptions, a load that is more than 8.5 feet wide is going to be oversized. In this situation, a special permit is going to be required. 

Of note, on local roads, the width might be limited to 8 feet. Therefore, it is important for everyone to know the routes are going to travel. 

What do Oversize Load Truckers Have to Know?

For those who would like to become an oversize load truck driver, there are a few points to keep in mind. First, all oversize load drivers need to be at least 21 years of age or older. This is because these drivers need to have a valid commercial driver’s license from the state in which they live.

Next, oversize load truckers will need to apply to certain trucking companies that transport this type of heavy equipment. Some of the most common examples are moving companies that transport mobile homes, houses, and other buildings. These companies usually need drivers who specialize in the transportation of oversize loads. 

Next, all oversize load truckers need to know the laws and regulations when it comes to oversize loads throughout the states through which these companies travel. Remember that each state is going to have its own requirements for oversize loads. It is also a good idea for commercial truck drivers to read the handbook of the company and ask about the company’s requirements when it comes to oversize load drivers. This can set drivers up to succeed when it comes to the application process.

Of note, an oversize load driver should expect to pass a criminal background check, a drug test, a physical exam, and a road test. Because oversize load truckers regularly transport awkward, valuable, and heavy equipment, these hurdles are necessary to make sure that drivers can stay safe, protect the inventory, and meet the specifications of the company. 

The 3 Best Oversize Load Trucking Companies to Work With

When it comes to transporting an oversize load, it is important for everyone to think carefully about the company with which they want to work. Some of the top oversize load trucking companies to work with include:

  • Osage Special Transport: Osage Special is an oversize load trucking company that is locally owned and operated. There are numerous trucking options available including flatbed trucking, long-distance hauling, and logistical services. Osage Special is known for its friendly, hardworking, and dedicated employees. With more than 40 years of experience, this company also has numerous connections with multiple carriers to ensure clients receive the best service possible. 
  • RPM Expedite: RPM Expedite is an oversize load shipment specialist. One of the most experienced companies in the industry, this is a solid partner for anyone who must ship large cargo over vast distances. RPM Expedite specializes in the management and execution of business logistics.
  • King Bros Transport and Logistics: King Bros Transport and Logistics is an experienced long-haul trucking and transport provider. They can handle multiple types of cargo including odd-shaped cargo, heavy haul trucking, and oversized loads. 


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